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产后3个月是新妈妈的关键恢复期 尽早做产后规划

3 Months After Birth is Critical For Mom’s Health

产后三个月对妈妈的健康至关重要

When a woman has good prenatal care, the nine months she’s pregnant are filled with doctor’s visits focused on her health and the baby’s.But what about the three months after she gives birth?Rachel Cobb says she was overwhelmed.“People have been doing this forever, and it’s this shared experience that everyone has. Yet I feel so lonely and I don’t know how to ask for help.”This period is known as the fourth trimester.“The fourth trimester can/is overwhelming, and I don’t think anyone can be fully prepared for it.”A survey by Orlando Health finds more than a quarter of women did not plan for their own health management following delivery.“It’s very important for new moms to follow up with their midwives or their physicians ideally sooner rather than later.”40 percent felt overwhelmed or depressed.“You immediately feel like I’m a bad mom because I feel this way, and you’re not.”

怀胎九月的过程中,准妈妈能得到很好的产前护理,医生会频繁探望,关注她和宝宝的健康状况。但是产后三个月会怎样呢?Rachel Cobb说她感到不知所措。“人们一直都在这样做,这是每个人都会有的共同经历,而我却感觉如此孤独,我不知该如何寻求帮助。”这段时间被称为怀孕的第四个阶段(即宝宝出生的前三个月)。“怀孕的第四个阶段的确让人不知所措,我认为没人能做到准备充分。”奥兰多医院的一项研究发现,超过四分之一的女性产后对自己的身体健康管理没有规划。理想状态下,新妈妈须尽早找助产士或内科医生需求建议,而不是等到以后再说,这一点非常重要。”百分之四十的新妈妈感到不知所措或是沮丧。“你瞬间感觉自己是个坏妈妈,因为我会有这种感觉,而你却不是。”

For poor women, it’s far worse. Another study shows that African American or Hispanic mothers struggle more than white middle-class women.“These mothers having low incomes find they’re unable to pay the high costs associated with maintaining a healthy diet, or getting regular exercise, or simply finding time to take care of themselves.”He found that these women feel uncomfortable talking to caregivers with different racial or ethnic backgrounds.“Some of the mothers I’ve interviewed indicated that they were very worried that if they hold an agency staff person, that they were having troubles keeping up with their baby’s service needs, that the staff never may call an agency that might come to take the baby away from the mother.”Yet it’s critical that all women see a doctor during the fourth trimester.“A lot of it is just reassurance but some of it needs to be treated.”Professor Keith says health policies need to change so all mothers can have their health needs met.

对于贫穷女性来讲,这种情况更糟糕。另外一项研究显示,非裔美国妈妈或西班牙裔妈妈比白人中产妈妈的生活更为艰难。“这些母亲往往收入低,她们没有能力支付保持健康饮食的高昂的费用,无法经常进行锻炼亦或仅仅是为了抽时间保养下自己。”他发现这些女性跟不同种族或伦理背景的家庭护理人员沟通时候,会感到不自在。“有些我采访的母亲表示,她们非常担心自己能否请得起服务机构工作人员,担忧看护人员不了解自己宝宝的服务需求,也担心看护人员从来不给服务机构打电话,而这一机构可能会把孩子从母亲身边带走。”然而,所有女性都应在怀孕的第四个阶段去看医生,这非常重要。“大部分只是为了安心而去检查,但是有些是需要治疗的。”Keith教授认为应当调整医疗政策,这样所有母亲都能满足其健康需求。

Carol Pearson VOA NEWS.

美国之音新闻Carol Pearson报道。

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